What are the types of courts in Singapore and their functions?
The Juvenile Court manages offences supposedly dedicated by “youngsters” (under 14 years old) or “youthful people” (14 to 16 years old). It covers Beyond Parental Control Cases (BPC), Juvenile Arrest Cases (JAC) and Care and Protection Order Cases (CPO).
The Coroners’ Court holds investigations into any demise (a) which happens in an unexpected or unnatural way or (b) by brutality, or (c) where the way wherein the passing happened is obscure. Suspected suicides, street traffic and mechanical mishaps, and demise in jail are some basic models. The Coroner is a Judge of the Subordinate Courts who will lead examinations with police help.
The Small Claims Tribunal manages goals of little claims among shoppers and providers, contracts emerging from the clearance of merchandise or arrangement of administrations, and rent of private premises not surpassing 2 years. The Tribunal has the ward to hear claims not surpassing 10,000 SGD however can be brought to 20,000 SGD up in specific cases. All cases ought to be held up inside a time of the question and gatherings typically need not be spoken to by a legal advisor. The Tribunal is directed by Referees delegated by the President, on the suggestion of the Chief Justice.
The Family Court manages receptions, separate, youngsters’ issues, division of wedding property, individual security requests, goals and joint meetings (intercession), spousal and kid support, family brutality and implementation of Syariah Court orders.
Two Night Courts work from Monday to Friday after 6 pm to serve the working open to manage the enormous volume of administrative cases. The primary Night Court manages summonses and notification gave by the different divisions, for example, the Housing and Development Board, the Urban Redevelopment Authority, Central Provident Fund Board, and the Registry of Companies and Businesses. The subsequent Night Court manages street traffic offences brought by the Traffic Police and administrative offences brought by the Land Transport Authority.
The Community Court manages cases identifying with young guilty parties (matured 16 to 18), wrongdoers with mental handicaps, neighbourhood debates, endeavoured suicide cases, family viciousness cases, lustful association offences submitted by energetic wrongdoers, misuse and savagery to creatures, cases which sway on race connection issues and chose cases including wrongdoers ages 65 years or more.
The Syariah Court directs and settles marriage and separation questions between parties who are either Muslims or who have hitched under the arrangements of Muslim Law.
The Traffic Court hears and attempts traffic offences brought by the Traffic Police just as the Land Transport Authority.