Singapore judiciary and Court system

by | Jan 10, 2020 | Resources

The judge is the referee of both law and certainty in Singapore. The jury framework had been seriously constrained in Singapore and was altogether abrogated in 1970. Legal power is vested in the Supreme Court (containing the Singapore Court of Appeal and the High Court) just as the Subordinate Courts.

The most elevated court of the land is the perpetual Court of Appeal which hears both civil and criminal interests radiating from the High Court and the Subordinate Courts. As a huge watermark of Singapore’s lawful history, claims to the Privy Council in England were canceled in 1994. The Practice Statement on Judicial Precedent gave by the Supreme Court on 11 July 1994 explained that the Singapore Court of Appeal isn’t bound by its own choices just as earlier choices of the Privy Council. In any case, it would keep on regarding such earlier choices as ordinarily authoritative, however it might leave from the earlier points of reference where it shows up right to do as such.

The High Court Judges appreciate security of residency while the Judicial Commissioners are designated on a transient agreement premise. Both, in any case, appreciate the equivalent legal forces and invulnerabilities. Their legal forces involve both unique and redrafting ward over both civil and criminal issues. The ongoing arrangement of some High Court judges to represent considerable authority in discretion matters at the High Court adds to the two existing expert courts: the Admiralty and the Intellectual Property Court.

An uncommon Constitutional Tribunal was likewise settled, inside the Supreme Court, to hear questions alluded to by the Elected President on the impact of sacred arrangements.

The Subordinate Courts (comprising of the District Courts, Magistrates’ Courts, Juvenile Courts, Coroners Courts just as the Small Claims Tribunals) have additionally been set up inside the Singapore legal pecking order to regulate equity among the individuals. With the expanded refinement in business exchanges and law, the Commercial Civil and Criminal District Courts have as of late been built up inside the Subordinate Courts to manage the more intricate cases.

The District Courts and the Magistrates’ Courts share similar controls over explicit issues, for example, in legally binding or tortious cases for an obligation, request or harm and in activities for the recuperation of monies. Notwithstanding, the jurisdictional money related points of confinement in civil issues for the Magistrates’ Courts and District Courts are $60,000 and $250,000 individually. The courts likewise vary as far as criminal condemning forces. Detainment terms forced by the Magistrates’ Courts are restricted to two years and for the District Courts, seven years.

The Small Claims Tribunals, then again, manage the cost of a speedier, not so much exorbitant but rather more casual procedure for the aura of little claims with a money related breaking point of just $20,000 (gave the contesting parties assent recorded as a hard copy).

Aside from the above courts, the Family Courts manage divorces, upkeep, authority and receptions.

The Judiciary has made significant strides in using data innovation in the courts which has, to some extent at any rate, upgraded its productivity. The Technology Courts were, for example, set up to empower the sharing of data by attorneys and judges and the giving of proof by witnesses by means of video conferencing. Legitimate activities including an organization or an individual might be checked utilizing an office known as Casewatch. The Electronic Filing System (EFS), a joint venture by the Judiciary, Singapore Network Services and the Singapore Academy of Law ( to empower the recording, extraction and administration of court archives just as the following of case data by electronic methods, has as of late experienced further refinements to update administrations to end-clients. Different data innovation advancements have additionally been used to encourage and streamline different criminal procedures, to be specific the enrollment and the executives of criminal cases (SCRIMS), the preparing of traffic charges between the police and the courts (TICKS 2000) and the installment of fines for minor traffic offenses (ATOMS).

About the author

About the author

Jonathan Wong

Jonathan is the Founder and Managing Director of Tembusu Law. He is also the founder of LawGuide Singapore, a prominent legaltech startup which successfully created and launched Singapore’s first legal chatbot in 2017.