The key stages in a civil claim generally include the following:
- Pleadings: during this stage, you will prepare and submit key documents to the Court to state and summarise the key facts and arguments that you are relying on in support of your case.
- Pre-trial process: during this stage, you will need to follow a set of rules and guidelines administered by the Court. These rules and guidelines say how the you must prepare and file certain documents and also how you will be allowed to conduct Discovery (i.e. the process of a party obtaining and gathering relevant information and documents that is in the possession of the opposing party).
- Trial process: during this stage, a separate Court hearing (known as a trial) is conducted for the Judge to review and consider the evidence presented before he arrives at a decision as to whether the Plaintiff should be allowed to succeed in his claim and obtain the remedy he is seeking.
- Appeal: during this stage, either party can make an appeal to a higher Court if he is not satisfied with the Judge’s earlier judgment and decision on how the dispute should be settled or concluded.
- Enforcement: during this stage, the Plaintiff who has “won the case” and succeeded in obtaining a judgment in his favour proceeds to enforce or execute the Court’s judgment or order against the Defendant (e.g. to obtain payment of the money which the Court has ordered the Defendant to pay the Plaintiff).